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Water Chiller Inspection: My First Experience

Today, the project manager our EPC project asked me to participate in water chiller inspection in Cileungsi, Bogor, Indonesia. It was my first time. So, I felt a bit excited as well as confused. On that inspection, my role was to inspect the equipment and the technical aspects. I actually did not have any idea about the equipment, except the function.

Simply, we can say water chiller is a refrigeration device. It is used to cool a process fluid. A chiller will use either a vapor compression or absorption cycle to cool.

Type of Industrial Chiller

Figure blow shows type of industrial chiller.

 

Component of Chiller

The basic component of chiller are compressor, evaporator, condenser, and thermostatic expansion valve.

Hydrostatic Test for Boiler

I just got an opportunity to witness hydrostatic test for boilers in my recent EPC project. Hydrostatic test is the most common procedure used to qualify newly manufactured pressure pressure. The purpose is to make sure here is no leak in the boiler.

The procedure was quite simple yet important. Pressure parts shall be subjected to a hydrostatic test pressure which at every point is at least equal to:

1.5 times the MAWP (Maximum Allowable Working Pressure) for ASME section I code.

1.3 times the MAWP for ASME section VIII Div. I code

(The MAWP may be assumed to be the same as the design pressure)

The design pressure of my boilers is 10 barg. When this test applied, the QC engineer increased the pressure of boiler to 10 barg and hold it for 15 minutes. They checked visually the internal of boiler if there’s a leak. Unfortunately, there’s no digital recorder available to record the pressure of boiler during the test. So, we needed to check by our naked eyes the pressure gauge.

After 15 minutes, the increased the pressure to 15 barg at hold it for an hour. After that, they decreased the pressure to 10 barg again, hold it for 15 minutes, then decreased again to 1 barg. The inspection was done visually.

Assessment of Cooling Tower Performance

Yesterday, I just got an opportunity to inspect some of cooling tower equipment, such as motors, fans, fan stack, low oil level switch, and so on. It was great. I got more understanding about the system, which is very valuable for me as young chemical engineer.

Before I do the inspection, I tried to learn something about cooling tower. I found from this link about how to assess a cooling tower. In this post I want to give you an example of my own cooling tower.

There are several parameters to assess the performance of cooling towers. Note: CT = cooling tower; CW = cooling water Read More

Heat Loss Calculation of Tank Heater

My recent study was to calculate heat loss in tank heater in order to determine condensate load. It was a pretty simple method. In this post, I provide you the example of my calculation and I hope you find it useful. The problem statement was:

  1. Heat marine fuel oil from 50 to 60 degree C in 5 hours
  2.  Continue to maintain 60 degree C in an insulated tank with a wind velocity 10.08 km/h and an ambient temperature of 27.4 degree C
  3. Tank is 6.8 m diameter and 6.04 m of height
  4. Steam is available at 8 barg

You can find the source of my calculation from this link.

Calculation of tank heater heat loss.