Skip to main content
Submerged Turret Loading Buoy

LNG Regasification Vessel Requirement based on DNV Classification Notes No. 16.3

In previous posts, I shared some of onshore LNG terminal and regasification system. How about offshore LNG regasification system? Does it have any differences with onshore regasification system? In this post, I want to share you practical guidance of offshore regasification vessel from DNV (Det Norske Veritas) Classification Notes No. 16.3. DNV Classification Notes No. 16.3 is applicable for all vessels engages in LNG regasification.

Regasification vessel is intended to regasify LNG then delivered the gas to pipeline gas grid, through a Submerged Turret Buoy or through dedicated export manifold. The Classification Notes specifically explains regasification systems and offloading systems for natural gas through submerged turret buoy offshore or through dedicated gas unloading manifolds. Read More

Cargo Emergency Shut Down System in Liquefied Gas Carrier

I am interested in designing ship-to-shore link and ESD arrangement in LNG vessel. I have involved in about three LNG projects, but I did not design or paid more attention in this field (because all the projects were front-end engineering design). In this post, I want to share you practical information about ESD arrangement as suggested by SIGTTO (Society of International Gas Tanker and Terminal Operators).

Function of Emergency Shut Down System

Function of cargo ESD system is to stop cargo liquid and vapor flow in the event of emergency and to bring the cargo handling system to safe condition. Read More

Little bets

Book Review: Little Bets, How Breakthrough Ideas Emerge from Small Discoveries

Weekend is almost over. So let’s begin new week with new insight. Instead of sharing chemical engineering things which may be quite serious, in this post I want to share you a book I read. The title is Little Bets – How Breakthrough Ideas Emerge from Small Discoveries by Peter Sims.

I just read second chapter of the book of ten chapters. So I am quite slow at reading. That is because content in second chapter is really amazing. I highlighted most of the chapter and I internalized the chapter. Problem I always face after reading good book is I forget the content or I don’t know how to behave better based on the book. So, here I write it so it will lessen my forgetfulness.

Title about second chapter is The Growth of Mind-SetI kept repeating word “growth”, “grow”, “growing” to myself and I visualized is as growing small tree. This chapter is really important for me. Read More

Methane number empirical models

Understanding Methane Number

In my previous LNG project, we need to supply gas with specified minimum methane number and specified higher heating value.

What is methane number?

It is the measure of resistance of fuel gases to engine knock, known as detonation. Detonation is produced by the auto-ignition of fuel/air mixture ahead of the propagating flame. Detonation must be immediately stopped to avoid increase of wear and tear and engine damage.

If MN is too low, the detonation can reduce engine efficiency and increases the quantity of harmful engine emissions.

MN Calculation

I searched if there is formula for the calculation, but I cannot find it. MN is not gas thermodynamic property, so no equation of state can be used to calculate it. I found there are several online methane number calculators. I tested three of them, Cummin, Wartsilla, and DNV MN calculator, respectively by using LNG Tangguh composition. These are the results.

Read More

Natural Gas Quality Designation Parameters

When I was working on my second EPC project in Senoro, which was gas processing facility, I read that there are several natural gas quality that shall be complied. In the project, we also had to guarantee that the facilities can process gas from wells so that it met requirement as stated in contract. In this post, I want to share you the quality designation parameters for natural gas. To understand more about this area, please check ISO 13686: Natural Gas – Quality Designation.

Natural gas quality designation parameter
Natural gas quality designation parameter

Read More

Regulating Sector

Regulating Sector at City Gas Distribution System – Understanding

This is the forth post of city gas series. Check my previous post about how to calculate city gas flow rate, city gas network part 1, and understanding metering and regulating station. In this post, I want to share you about regulating sector. 

Before being distributed to house, gas pressure and gas flow from tapping point will be monitored in metering and regulation station (MRS). After leaving MRS, gas will be distributed via distribution pipeline which is usually MDPE pipe.

In my project we use 63 mm pipe or 90 mm pipe for distribution pipeline.

Gas distribution is usually grouped. Each group covers several houses, which can be as low as 900 houses to 2000 houses. In each group, we installed regulating sector.  Read More

Example metering and regulation station

Understanding Metering and Regulating Stations and Its Part

This is the third post of city gas series. Please check the first post about how to calculate city gas requirement and the second post about city gas distribution network part 1

In previous post, I share you one important part of city gas distribution equipment which is Metering and Regulating Stations (MRS). For review, the function of MRS is to monitor flow rate of gas and to reduce gas pressure thus it meets requirement. Gas pressure is reduced from more than 16 bar to 5-15 bar in MRS. I checked in “City Gas Network Handbook” published by Indonesian Government, maximum pressure of city gas distribution system is 7 bar, although in reality, gas operating pressure is not that high. Read More

City gas network

City Gas Distribution Network (Part 1)

This is second post of city gas network series. For the first post, please check “City Gas Flowrate Requirement”.

City gas distribution is one of Indonesia national priority program which purpose is to diversify energy, to reduce energy subsidiary, to provide clean and cheap energy, and as complementary program to convert cerosene into Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG).

The total installed city gas until now is 56,888 house connection. It will be increased year by year. For example in 2013, the government planned to installed 16,000 connection. Read More

Economic of comparison vacuum insulated tank and flat bottom tank

Comparison of LNG Flat Bottom Tank and Vacuum Insulated Tank

In previous post (typical process flow diagram of small scale LNG regasification facility), I explained that LNG storage tank played important part in the facility. It is used to stored LNG for certain duration (usually in term of round trip). In small scale LNG regasification facilities, vacuum insulated tank is usually used because the capacity if small. But when the capacity is high, LNG flat bottom tank is used.

In this post I want to share you difference and comparison between LNG flat bottom tank and vacuum insulated tank and give some advice what to choose.

Table below shows comparison of flat bottom storage tank and vacuum insulated tank. Read More